Useful properties and contraindications of horseradish
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On any, even the smallest area, there is a place for horseradish planting. Both the aerial and root parts of the plant are widely used in cooking and folk medicine. The beneficial properties of the culture and the unique chemical composition have also found application in cosmetology, in particular for whitening the skin of the face and against hair loss. In this article, we will talk not only about the healing effect of greenery, but also learn how to plant it in the country, grow it correctly, successfully propagate and plant it.
Description and characteristics of horseradish
The perennial culture of the cruciferous family has dense leaves and a thick fleshy root. The height of the erect stem reaches 60-120 cm. The lower greenery, located at the root zone, is oblong-oval with a jagged edge. The leaves growing in the middle of the rosette are oblong, lanceolate. The top is formed by linear foliage with a color 2-3 tones lighter than the lower part of the plant.
Culture grows everywhere in the European part, in Siberia and the Caucasus.
A feature of the culture is considered frost resistance, the root part can withstand frosts down to minus 45 °. Young leaves are also not afraid of spring frosts, so there is no need to create a shelter for horseradish.
How it blooms
The flowering period of horseradish falls on May - June of the second year of the plant's life. The flowers are bisexual with white delicate petals and a pleasant aroma, which is completely unusual for a brutal bush. Inflorescences are grouped into clusters, distantly resembling a sprig of white lilac.
As you know, horseradish propagates using cuttings. However, there is also a seed method. After the end of flowering, a swollen pod is formed, in which the seeds develop. Any gardener will confirm that the culture rarely blooms. If there is an intense ejection of inflorescences, then in those areas where roots are often dug up. Botanists explain this phenomenon by the desire of the plant to change its habitat as a result of the threat to survival. In the absence of propagation by cuttings, the self-preservation mode is automatically activated.
What to do with flowers if horseradish bloomed
Flowers in folk medicine are of great value. Means prepared from them help patients with oncology maintain their health, strengthening the protective function of the body.
From flowers, you can prepare a tincture that strengthens the immune system, gives strength and energy. To do this, you need to pluck a flowering arrow on the old moon. After crushing the inflorescences, fill the jar with them up to the shoulders and pour over forty-degree vodka. After infusing the product for 10 days, you can take it in a teaspoon diluted in a glass of water.
Dried flowers are considered no less useful. Various decoctions are prepared from them in combination with other plants.
If the flowers are not plucked from the bush, then soon an airy rounded pod with seeds will appear in their place. After they are fully ripe, they can be used for horseradish propagation. If you saw that horseradish blooms, that is undesirable. You just need to cut off unnecessary flowers and throw them away from the site.
Useful properties of leaves and root
The benefits and healing effects of the plant are simply invaluable. The rich vitamin composition of horseradish makes it possible to use the leaves and root in traditional medicine. Of greatest interest is the root part of the plant, which includes:
- ascorbic acid;
- vitamins PP, B;
- carbohydrates (arabinose, sucrose, galactose, etc.);
- galacturonic acid;
- mustard oil and other substances.
The leaves are also valuable in medicine and cosmetology due to the content of the following components:
- vitamins B, C, PP;
- mineral salts of nitrogen, potassium, etc.
Horseradish flowers are of no less interest for traditional medicine. They are harvested in the middle of the flowering period. It was at this time that the inflorescences are maximally enriched with useful substances that have a beneficial effect on the human body.
Useful properties of culture:
- improves brain function, strengthens memory, restores vision;
- increases reproductive function in men;
- normalizes the digestive system, improves metabolism;
- eliminates diseases of the oral cavity (good for teeth and gums);
- neutralizes the effect of tobacco and alcohol, which makes it possible to supplement addiction treatment with horseradish remedies;
- cleanses the intestines from toxins, decay products and harmful microorganisms.
Horseradish belongs to low-calorie foods, 100 gr. contains only 48 Kcal.
Harm and contraindications for the body
Now let's see if there is any harm from the plant and why. Horseradish refers to products that irritate the mucous membrane, so the use of different dishes with it or medicines should be limited. A positive effect can be achieved only with a short use of the leaves or root of the plant.
Contraindications for use are the following diseases:
- ulcers of the stomach and duodenum;
- gastritis, which has developed against a background of high acidity;
- edema due to renal failure;
- disorders of the kidneys and liver.
Allergy sufferers should pay special attention to avoid exacerbation of the disease. The plant contains components that are considered allergy pathogens.
Use in traditional medicine at home
Horseradish contains a large amount of phytoncides and lysozymes, which allows the plant to be used as an anti-inflammatory agent. Infusions t decoctions made from roots and leaves have immunomodulatory properties. It is a good addition to treatment for diseases such as:
- bronchial asthma, etc.
Fresh leaves are used as a pain reliever for neuralgia, sciatica. The root juice is rubbed onto bald patches on the head to stimulate hair growth. Compresses are also made from it for various pustular lesions on the skin, age spots. In cosmetology, juice is included in anti-aging masks.
For diabetes or cancer, grated horseradish with kefir is useful. In combination with honey, the drug is used to treat tuberculosis, Botkin's disease, hepatitis. Chopped root pulp is used instead of mustard plasters for muscles and joints.
Avoiding the flu
Even this nasty virus can be treated at home. Pass the peeled root through a meat grinder, add 1 tablespoon of honey. Stir the mixture and leave for 12 hours. After that, it remains to strain the resulting liquid through cheesecloth and take a tablespoon 3 times a day (30 minutes before meals).
Therapeutic action for sinusitis
For 10 days, breathe in vapors of the grated root. With juice diluted with water in equal parts, bury the nose 2 times a day, 1 drop.
Application for freckles
Dissolve a tablespoon of the root grated on a fine grater with a glass of water. After stirring, leave the mixture to infuse for 4 hours. Use the strained liquid instead of lotion for daily face rubbing.
How to plant horseradish on a plot in a garden in spring
It is quite simple to acquire and then grow horseradish in the garden. To do this, in the spring (in mid-April), a fragment of the root cut from an annual plant must be planted in the prepared soil. The landing site is pre-enriched with humus and wood ash. At the petiole, the kidneys located in the middle are removed before instillation. Do this simply with a rough tissue, rubbing the kidney with it.
The shank is stirred in a hole at an angle of 45 °... Most of the root should go deep (about 12-15 cm), and the top (about 5 cm) remains on the surface of the ground. The interval between the bushes is at least 40-45 cm.
- periodic watering (not frequent);
- loosening the soil (at first, once a week);
- cleaning weeds around the cutting.
Horseradish needs good lighting, so the landing site should not be in the shade. The plant may die from a lack of light.
Lateral shoots from the root should be cut every fall to regulate horseradish reproduction. In order to prevent it from growing, it is recommended to plant the cuttings in barrels or buckets.
How to propagate and correctly transplant a plant in the country
The representative of the cruciferous is propagated by the cuttings method. This happens spontaneously and quite intensively, so the growth of new bushes should be kept under control, otherwise horseradish will spread throughout the entire site.
Cuttings are harvested in the fall. For this, lateral processes 20-25 cm long are separated from the main root. It is desirable that their diameter be in the range of 0.8-1.2 cm. Until spring, the workpieces are stored in the cellar. For reliability, they should be sprinkled with sawdust or sand.
Periodically, horseradish blooms, after which the pod with seeds ripens. They can also be used for breeding.
Growing horseradish in a vegetable garden is not difficult. He is absolutely unpretentious in care. It can be easily planted anywhere, transplanted if necessary. And after that, you may even have to fight the overgrowth. However, he does not like excess moisture, so it is better not to overdo it with watering. In the household, both leaves and roots will find useful use.
Horseradish - useful properties, contraindications, application
Perennial herb of the cruciferous family. It is cultivated as a garden plant in the European part of Russia, in the Caucasus, in Siberia. The roots contain sinigrin glycoside, soluble in water, more difficult - in alcohol.
Under the influence of myrosin, sinigrin is broken down into glucose, acidic potassium sulfate and allyl mustard oil, which causes a pungent smell and taste of horseradish. Fresh juice of horseradish root contains the enzyme lysozyme, which is capable of destroying the cell wall of some pathogenic bateria, and a considerable amount of ascorbic acid. Ascorbic acid and alkaloids were also found in the leaves (A.D. Turova, 1974).
Useful properties and contraindications of horseradish
Horseradish is a perennial plant in the Cabbage family. It has a powerful root. Horseradish stalk, hollow and grooved, sometimes reaches 120 cm in length, it is erect and has branches at the top. The basal leaves of this plant are large and elongated-oval, serrate along the edge, have a heart-shaped base. The lower leaves on the stem are pinnately-splitted, and the upper ones are linear and whole-edged. Horseradish flowers are bisexual, white, they are correct, collected in paniculate inflorescences. The flowering period for this plant is from May to June. Horseradish fruit is a kind of elongated-oval swollen pods.
Cultivated horseradish has many varieties that amateur gardeners grow on their backyards. However, it is important to remember that this plant tends to grow rapidly, so it must be placed around the periphery of the plots.
Horseradish's closest relatives are radishes, mustard and watercress. It is believed that this plant was well known to the ancient Greeks and Romans. Horseradish is an easily spreading plant and can be found wild in many countries. However, most botanical scientists believe that this spicy-aromatic plant has a native Russian origin.
Even before our era, the ancient Greeks began to eat this spicy and bitter dish. It was believed that horseradish stimulates appetite and activates vitality. In addition, it was often used to prepare ointments for rheumatism.
For medicinal purposes, as well as for culinary purposes, horseradish roots are used, which are harvested in the autumn. They are usually stored in damp sand boxes, in cellars or basements. It is recommended to store this plant at a temperature of -1 to +1 C. Horseradish root is included in the Pharmacopoeia of many countries, for example, Switzerland, France, Brazil and others.
Horseradish is a traditional seasoning for fish and meat dishes. Its leaves are used for salting vegetables and making marinades. A favorite Russian spice is grated horseradish, it significantly improves the taste of food, giving it a piquancy and a special aroma, and also stimulates the appetite.
Horseradish contains such useful substances as: fiber, essential oils, phytoncides, a large number of vitamins C, E, B vitamins, folic acid. This plant also contains micro and macro elements: calcium, potassium, sodium, magnesium, iron, phosphorus, copper, manganese, and even arsenic. Horseradish root also contains various amino acids, sugars and organic compounds.
In terms of vitamin C content, this spicy product is many times higher than oranges and lemons. There is no less ascorbic acid in horseradish than in black currant. And only ripe red pepper surpasses horseradish in these parameters.
100 grams of horseradish contains an average of 44 kcal.
Horseradish root has a strong bactericidal effect, since it contains special volatile substances, they are called phytoncides, which can infect pathogenic microbes.
Horseradish contains sinigrin glycoside, splitting, this substance forms lysozyme and allyl mustard oil. Lysozyme is an antibacterial substance. Allyl mustard oil is a substance that causes the pungent taste and smell of the plant, it can cause burning pain and flushing of the skin, prolonged exposure causes burns and gangrene. Vapors of allyl oil cause watery eyes and a violent cough. When taken orally in small doses, the secretion of the gastrointestinal tract increases, appetite is aroused. If this oil is taken in high doses, severe gastroenteritis is inevitable.
Horseradish leaves contain ascorbic acid, allyl mustard oil and myrosin. This plant has unsurpassed healing properties. Horseradish is used in medicine to improve intestinal activity, as a choleretic drug, expectorant and antiscorbutic agent. Doctors recommend using horseradish for inflammatory processes, colds, gout, rheumatism, liver and gastrointestinal tract diseases, skin diseases.
Horseradish has long been used in folk medicine as a remedy for sciatica. To treat this ailment, it is necessary to grate horseradish on a fine grater and apply the resulting mass to the sore spot, like a mustard plaster, first you need to apply the mixture to a clean cloth.
In acute respiratory diseases, horseradish is useful for food. In case of hypothermia, in order not to catch a cold, you can try making horseradish poultices to your shins and feet. When coughing, traditional medicine experts advise using horseradish with honey. It is not difficult to prepare this remedy, you just need to combine grated horseradish and honey in equal parts, take one teaspoon two to three times a day.
According to Dr. Laskin's book, horseradish vapors are even used as a prophylactic agent for metastases. To do this, you need to rub the root on a fine grater and breathe it in pairs several times a day for ten to fifteen minutes.
In India, fresh horseradish juice was used as a diuretic, and for inflammation of the sciatic nerve, it was used as a distraction. This useful plant is also indispensable for gum disease or flux, for this you need to take a teaspoon of horseradish and pour a glass of water or wine, let this composition brew for about four hours. When ready, strain the infusion and rinse your mouth once every half hour.
Horseradish juice diluted with water and sugar or honey is an excellent gargle for sore throat or inflammation.If the ear is inflamed and purulent discharge is observed, you can bury the juice of this plant. And in order for the purulent wounds to pass faster, you need to apply horseradish gruel to them in the form of a compress - this will become a good distracting and local irritant.
In Russia, we eat jellied meat with our favorite seasoning or treat our ailments with horseradish, while in the USA this product has long become strategically important in medicine, defense and even the space industry. In Japan, scientists have proven that horseradish root contains substances that can prevent the formation of tooth decay. And today, Japanese dentists are developing a special toothpaste based on the rhizomes of this plant, while they are confused only by the fact that it is impossible to eliminate the unusual pungent smell from the new invention.
Indications for the consumption of horseradish
Fresh horseradish in large quantities is prohibited! Only in small doses, as a seasoning for food. And for treatment, strictly observe the dosage according to the recipe.
The plant is recommended to be consumed:
- with rheumatism and arthritis
- with obesity and overweight
- with cystitis and urolithiasis
- for skin diseases
- with diabetes
- with gum disease
- with high blood pressure
- with constipation and low acidity of the stomach.
The healing properties of horseradish
The root is recognized as an effective compound in alternative and traditional medicine. He is prized for the following abilities:
- reduced fermentation of food in the intestinal cavity
- removal of phlegm from the respiratory tract
- relief of diabetes mellitus
- prevention of urolithiasis
- reduction of bleeding gums, treatment of oral ailments
- fight against parasites (worms, etc.)
- prevention of scurvy
- withdrawal of excess fluid.
Horseradish is an effective remedy for diseases such as:
- bronchitis, pneumonia
- acute hepatitis
- gastrointestinal ailments
- inflammation of the sciatic nerve
- soreness of the joints.
Healers use the roots as a means to remove excess fluid and reduce swelling. Fresh and decoction on the leaves treat kidney ailments. If there is back pain, it is necessary to apply crushed gruel from the roots, the same remedy is used to treat sprains and muscle soreness.
Improving the condition and relieving discomfort is carried out thanks to the warming effect of the plant. These compresses effectively cope with rheumatism, gout, arthritis, sciatica. In order not to get burned, it is advisable to place the grated horseradish on 1-2 layers of gauze and then apply it to the sore spot.
The plant is often used to eliminate furunculosis, inflammation, mastitis. Traditional medicine recommends taking powder from the seeds of the plant to resist cancer.
The benefits of horseradish for women
- The vegetable has the properties to speed up all metabolic processes, normalize intestinal motility, and reduce body weight. Against this background, skin tightening and the fight against cellulite take place.
- Horseradish powder can be used externally. To do this, it is added to masks and body wraps to reduce the volume of the abdomen, hips, and forearms.
- To reduce appetite, it is necessary to prepare a decoction based on horseradish root and honey. This infusion is consumed 1 hour after the main meal once a day.
Useful properties of horseradish
Raw horseradish contains (in 100 g):
- Proteins 1.18 g
- Fat 0.69 g
- Carbohydrates 11.29 g
- Water 85.08 g
- Ash 1.76 g
Horseradish contains fiber, essential oils, phytoncides, a lot of vitamin C, as well as vitamin B1, B2, B3, B6, E, folic acid, as well as such macro and microelements as: potassium, calcium, magnesium, sodium, phosphorus, iron, manganese, copper and arsenic, horseradish root also contains sugar, various amino acids, bactericidal protein substance - lysozyme and organic compounds.
Horseradish contains five times more vitamin C than oranges and lemons. In terms of the content of ascorbic acid, horseradish is not inferior to the fruits of black currant, and only in ripe red pepper it is more.
The volatile substances contained in horseradish - phytoncides, capable of killing pathogenic microbes, endow horseradish with bactericidal properties.
In the roots, the glycoside sinigrin was found, the cleavage of which forms allyl mustard oil and lysozyme, which has a bactericidal effect. Allyl mustard oil causes a pungent smell and taste of horseradish, has a pronounced local effect, causes flushing of the skin and burning pain, with prolonged action can cause burns and gangrene. Its vapors cause severe coughing and watery eyes. Taken orally in small doses, it enhances the secretion of the gastrointestinal tract and stimulates the appetite. In large doses, it can cause severe gastroenteritis.
In the leaves and roots found ascorbic acid, the enzyme myrosin, allylic mustard essential oil.
The healing properties of horseradish have long been known to medicine. Horseradish improves intestinal activity, has choleretic, expectorant, antiscorbutic properties. It is prescribed for colds, various inflammatory processes, diseases of the gastrointestinal tract, liver diseases, gout, rheumatism, bladder, skin diseases.
In folk medicine, sciatica has long been treated with horseradish. To do this, freshly grated horseradish gruel was smeared on a cloth and applied to a sore spot like a mustard plaster.
Horseradish is very useful to add to food for the prevention of acute respiratory diseases. In case of hypothermia, in order to prevent colds, it is recommended to make horseradish poultices to the feet and legs. As a cure for cough, traditional healers recommend using horseradish with honey: mix finely grated horseradish with honey in equal proportions and give the patient a full teaspoon 2-3 times a day.
In the book The Anti-Cancer Diet of Dr. Laskin, horseradish vapors are mentioned as a remedy and prevention of metastases.
The doctor advises to grate the horseradish root on a fine grater, and breathe in horseradish vapors a couple of times a day for 5-15 minutes.
The juice of fresh roots has long been used as a diuretic, especially in India, and as a distraction for sciatica. If you have gumboil or gum disease, take 1 tsp. freshly grated horseradish, pour 1 glass of water (you can pour in a glass of wine) and leave to infuse for 4 hours. Then strain the infusion and rinse your mouth with it every 30 minutes. The flux will pass quickly.
Diluted horseradish juice with sugar or honey is used to rinse the mouth and throat for inflammatory processes and tonsillitis. Root juice is instilled into the ears for inflammation and purulent discharge, and for the treatment of purulent wounds, gruel is used in the form of a compress - as a local irritant and distracting agent.
While we are eating horseradish with jellied meat, treating our various ailments with roots, in the United States, scientists have put horseradish in the category of strategically important products for medicine, defense and the space industry. Studies by Japanese scientists have shown that the substances contained in horseradish rhizomes actively prevent caries. Horseradish contains substances that prevent the growth of bacteria that cause tooth decay. Scientists in Japan are currently working on a new toothpaste based on horseradish rhizomes. There is only one snag: scientists do not yet know how to neutralize the horseradish "aroma" that is atypical for toothpaste.
Dangerous properties of horseradish
Horseradish is irritating to mucous membranes and skin and can cause burns if abused. Also, it should be used with caution in some diseases of the digestive tract, kidneys and liver, including chronic gastritis, ulcers and colitis of various origins. It is considered a contraindication to the use of horseradish and childhood.
Also, do not use horseradish for acute inflammation in internal organs, during pregnancy and in cases of individual intolerance.
It is advised to limit the intake of horseradish, since in large doses it can increase blood pressure and cause side bleeding. It is not even recommended for women with heavy periods, as it increases bleeding.
In addition, doctors do not advise people using medicines with levomycytin to eat horseradish, since the antimicrobial components contained in the product interfere with the action of the medicine.
From the video you will learn the whole process of making homemade vigorous horseradish, from digging it up to serving.