Why does the bow go to the arrow and what to do to prevent it?

Why does the bow go to the arrow and what to do to prevent it?

Onions are a common ingredient in many dishes. Many people love to feast on this vegetable crop. In this regard, gardeners are trying to increase and save the harvest of this vegetable crop. In the process of growing, sometimes the following situation arises - the plant goes to the arrow... This article aims to explain why the bow goes into the arrow and what to do about it.

What is an arrow, why does it appear, how is it dangerous for a bow?

Do not think that if the plant has begun to shoot, it is excluded to eat bulbs.

What does the arrow represent? The arrow represents the peduncle. Flowers are formed on the peduncle, from which seeds are formed. The peduncle is intended for reproduction.

The danger arises from the appearance of arrows only for the varieties from which the bulbs are obtained. Therefore, when onions are grown, all methods prevent the appearance of arrows.

The problem is that bulbs that have begun to shoot should not be stored for a long time... To avoid decay, you need to eat it as soon as possible. It should be done before the second month of winter.

The plant began to shoot - expect a bad harvest... The size of such bulbs will be small: the vegetable crop will spend half of its strength on the flowering process, and the development of the bulb will be delayed.

Why is shooting: the main reasons

Consider the reasons for the shooting... This vegetable crop can go to the arrow if it is incorrect:

  • seeds were stored;
  • the planting material was of the wrong size;
  • the landing time was not met.

Let's analyze the reasons separately, find out how to protect yourself from shooting, and what actions to take if it has begun.

Why is the onion shot from the set and what to do:

Seeds were stored incorrectly

It is important to store the material used for planting at a temperature close to zero. This way you will avoid shooing.

The plant is frost resistant. Do not worry about temperatures below freezing, but temperatures above freezing will negatively affect the seeding.

There is no specific temperature to store seeds. But the turnip will not grow from seeds in the first year. First, 12 months are needed to grow sets.

Store in a basement during the winter season. Then you can plant on a turnip. With all varieties of this culture, this is the case, except for hybrid ones, which allow you to grow a full-fledged vegetable in 12 months.

The moisture level must be controlled... If there is dampness in the basement, the seedlings will germinate.

Therefore, after planting in the garden, the vegetable crop will definitely be shot, since the planting material was already germinated.

Sizes of planting material (sets)

Often they do not attach importance to the size of the material for planting. Before you land, it is important to sort the sets by size.

Planting material can be divided into three groups:

  • the size of the bulbs is about 10 mm or less - sets;
  • the size of the bulbs within the range of 10 mm - 30 mm - the middle fraction of the material for planting;
  • bulbs larger than 30 mm - large fraction of planting material.

Limit yourself in your choice, excluding large planting material. Because there is a high probability of shooting. Large planting material can only be used for growing early greens.

Using the planting material of the first and second groups, summer residents usually never face the problem of shooting.

Landing dates

There are no exact dates when to start planting onions. You need to plant sevok in a warm ground, then you will avoid shooting. But do not rush to do it.

Because if planted early, the bulb can go to the arrow... If you plant too late, you will not get a normal turnip.

How to prevent shooting

You can avoid shooting a vegetable crop when planting for the winter.... Where winters are warm, this is recommended. However, in areas with frosty winters, a different planting method should be used.

Select small and medium onions, set aside large ones. It can be used to grow green onions, but if the goal is onions, then use sets.

Trusting markets or even specialty stores is not worth it. If the planting material is purchased on the market, warm the seedlings for 19-21 days before planting in the beds.

You can warm it up with a battery, but first spread the material on a wooden pallet.

If the seed was purchased, then it must be processed, it is unlikely that it will go into the arrow. You can process the seeds yourself using a potassium permanganate solution.

What to do to prevent the bow from going into the arrow?

If a shooting problem occurs, remove the peduncle by cutting... The bulb may be large.

Trim the peduncle close to the neck. When the arrows appear, they will appear again after trimming. Watch carefully. Get rid of the peduncles immediately.

If the bow is shooting, use it immediately. How to identify such a bow? If the bulb has a thick neck, then the plant went into the arrow.

The difficulty in shooting is inherent in certain types of onions. For instance, shallots do not have this problem.

When purchasing plant seeds, ask questions from sellers who will answer the question of which hybrid varieties are best used in a given climate.

A vegetable culture that has been growing for many years does not produce turnips, but excellent greens can be obtained. The plant necessarily begins to shoot.

We need care for this vegetable crop. Trim peduncles from the bunch... Reappeared? Trim them again. Do not wait for the coarsening of the peduncle, after the greens will not be so juicy.

Observing the listed conditions, the vegetable crop will not be shot. But if this still happened to the plants, postpone the panic, nor get rid of them.

The situation can be improved by taking decisive action. The harvest will be saved! In addition, flower stalks are perfect for light salads.

Onion arrows are excellent for conservation... Dishes with onion feathers take on an unusual taste. Food is not an option? You can use the peduncles as fertilizer.

What can be made from onion arrows:

Why does the bow go into the arrow and what to do if the bow is arrowed

The cultivation of onions always takes place with various difficulties, then it begins to turn yellow, then rot, then the onion fly overcomes. And then there is one more misfortune - the bow goes to the arrow. Even inexperienced gardeners understand that they cannot wait for a good harvest. By itself, a thick stem with a peduncle at the top is an inflorescence from which seeds are subsequently formed - nigella. That is, it is a flower that performs the function of reproduction.

Problems often arise when the agricultural technology of growing a vegetable was violated, or the vegetable was improperly stored during the winter. The consequences do not keep you waiting, in June gardeners begin to notice that thick dense stems appear among the feathers. And everything would be fine if 3-5 arrows appeared from 200-300 planted onions. But when all the planted vegetable went all in color, this should puzzle gardeners and make them think why this happened.

To grow good large bulbs, the gardener must first of all not be allowed to bloom. And for this, first of all, you need to know the reasons, as well as what to do if peduncles have formed and how to prevent their appearance. This is what the conversation is about in today's article.

Reasons for the formation of arrows on a bow

There are several conditions under which the arrow appears. Among them, in the first place is the question of proper storage of onions in winter. The second is the size of the seed, and the third is humidity and low temperatures (or its drops) after planting.

How to store onions intended for planting

Much, if not all, depends on this point. Onion sets or family onions require special storage conditions. The onion is stored at a temperature of 17-22 degrees in an apartment, as well as in the basement of a house or cellar, where the indicators are not more than 8 degrees.

A very important condition is compliance with the humidity regime, it should not be high, the optimal one is 65-75%. Increased humidity during storage is the main harbinger of the appearance of arrows on the bow.

Small seedlings can dry out at high temperatures, so they choose a storage method for it in a cool dry cellar, put it in cardboard boxes or boxes with ventilation holes. Wooden or plastic trays work well.

Advice! The layer of the onion should not be thick, it is necessary to ventilate, free circulation of air, so that the onion does not "shut up" and does not become moldy.

Family varieties of onions have larger heads, it is convenient to store them for storage in pigtails or special nylon nets. Some specimens can dry out or rot in winter, so we inspect and remove spoiled onions several times.

The same is done with onions, which lie in boxes with holes. To sort out and get rid of bad bulbs is the main task of the hostess, otherwise the whole crop will rot.

Bulb size, which is best to plant

The best planting material is specimens of seedlings up to 1 centimeter in diameter, and family onions 3 centimeters.

Larger heads are suitable for getting greens for cutting, they dry worse in preparation for planting, they are preparing to give seeds, so they can release a flower arrow. Small onions are much less likely to be shot.

Landing dates

Onions are a cold-resistant crop; they are planted both before winter and in early spring. However, there is no need to rush too much. Early planting is good when you want to get an onion feather earlier for food.

When growing onions for storage for subsequent planting next year, you should not rush. Landing in cold ground can cause arrows to appear, although not necessarily. It is much worse when the weather is constantly wet in spring and there is a danger of recurrent frosts (bad if long).

Bow varieties that do not produce arrows

If you want to avoid the problem of shooting, you need to pay attention to the types of onions that have the lowest probability of occurrence of arrows.

  • Winter crops include the Centurion and Shakespeare varieties.
  • Varieties that are planted in April: Stuttgarter, Centurion F1, Red Baron.

Seedling planting will also give noticeable results, for example, leeks with this method will not start to shoot.

In order not to resort only to certain varieties of onions, experienced gardeners prefer to control the entire growing process on their own, going through all the stages. The goal is to identify errors and prevent them. Seeds are grown first to obtain high quality planting material for planting next spring.

If you use a purchased seed plant, there are risks of not harvesting a rich harvest.

What to do if the bow still starts to go into the arrow?

As you know, what has been done cannot be returned. What to do if the bow still throws out the arrows? Most likely, it will not be possible to grow a crop of especially large bulbs, but you can still save the onion. You just need to start acting as quickly as possible.

The first thing to do is to break all the arrows. Remove them as close to the base of the bulb as possible. The faster this operation is carried out, the better for the bulbs, they will lose the minimum amount of nutrients. Very often, after the first wave of arrows, plants begin to develop them again. Therefore, you will have to remove them regularly.

So what's now

If the radish, instead of forming fruits and growing suddenly begins to bloom, you need to act competently and in a timely manner. If you neglect the basic recommendations of specialists, you will not have to wait for the harvest. What exactly is it recommended for a gardener to do so that the radish does not shoot, but grows and ripens? First of all, you need to choose those varieties of homemade radish that are resistant to color.

With a fairly long daylight hours, this crop very quickly goes through the growth stage and begins to form fruits. Hence the frequent problems with the beginning of the flowering phase. Dealing with this is difficult.

But you don't have to do this if you use effective preventive measures. For example, it is recommended to limit the radish's access to natural light. Simply "reduce" the length of daylight hours to 12-13 hours. To do this, you will need to cover the seedlings of homemade radish. Any dense material will do.

Another way out is to frequently moisten the substrate. To prevent the radish from blooming, it is recommended to water the beds with a small amount of water, but constantly. In the spring-summer period, you need to irrigate the substrate almost every day - both in the morning and in the evening.

If the plant is kept in a humid environment, direct sunlight will not be able to adversely affect it and cause shooting.

Sometimes it is possible to solve the problem with the formation of flower arrows not only with the help of regular moistening of the substrate. There is another effective method - feeding. They are carried out every two to three days. It is recommended to use ammonium nitrate as a nutrient mixture. To do this, it is advisable to dissolve one matchbox of the product in one bucket of water. It is very important to stop in time here: for this it is better to stop fertilizing the soil as soon as you notice that the greenery of the plant is actively developing.

Some gardeners recommend simply pulling the roots out of the ground and then throwing them away. The thing is that if you do not do anything in advance and do not fight the shooting, as a result, the root crop turns out to be too tough, as if lignified. It is much easier to consider all possible risks before planting the seed and then prevent the plant from releasing a flower arrow. In this case, you will collect healthy and highly nutritious fruits in due time.

What to do to prevent the bow from going into the arrow: treatment from shooting

Onions are the most commonly used ingredient in a wide variety of culinary products. This vegetable crop has a large number of fans.

The owners of summer cottages are trying to grow as much onion as possible, for making blanks from it in pickled, frozen or dried form for the winter, as well as for eating freshly harvested. However, sometimes when grown, the onion begins to shoot.

To solve this problem and save the harvest, you need to know why the onion goes to the arrow, and take a number of measures, which will be discussed in this material, how to grow onions without arrows.

Agrotechnics of growing onions

Home cultivation of an onion plant requires adherence to certain agricultural techniques, which includes a number of care measures.

Planting soil

For the normal development of onion planting, the soil oxidation level must be neutral, the average pH is 6.5.

Excessive acidification of the soil can occur if the bed receives a large amount of mineral fertilizers for a long time.

In this case, before planting onion sets for 3 years, work is carried out to deoxidize the soil material by introducing one of the components:

  • slaked lime
  • dolomite flour in the amount of 200 grams per m².

Why does the bow go to the arrow

It is not recommended to lime the soil just before starting sowing work.However, it is permissible to use 400 grams of wood ash per 1 m2.

Fresh organic matter will not work as a fertilizer for onions. However, if the land in which the onions will be grown is characterized by a depleted composition, then in the spring season 2 kilograms of mature humus is introduced per 1 m2 of the planting area. In autumn, during digging, a certain amount of phosphorus and potassium fertilizers is applied.

Another part of the fertilizer, to which part of the nitrogen is added, is applied the next spring: before starting planting work. During digging, decomposed organic matter is added to the enriched chernozem. Nitrogen fertilizer is not applied to peaty soil, but the volume of phosphorus is increased by 35%.

Nitrogen fertilizers are not applied

Temperature regime

Onions are representatives of garden crops that are distinguished by good resistance to low temperatures. Thus, sowing and planting activities are carried out in the early spring period, with an average air temperature of + 4 ° C.

Repetition of short-term spring frosts, which are characterized by an air temperature of -3 ° C, will not damage onion seedlings. However, at a lower air temperature, the adult bulb will stop growing and the seeds will not ripen.

Planting soil preparation

You can re-grow this plant on the same ridge after five years. In the autumn season, after the onion crop of the previous crop has been harvested, the soil should be cleaned of weeds, and then watering should be carried out, which will promote the germination of new weeds. After that, the earth must be dug deeply by 30 centimeters.

Before you start digging, ripe humus or half a bucket of compost, a complete mineral complex consisting of a mixture of 30 grams of urea with granular phosphate and 20 grams of chlorine-free potassium, are introduced onto 1 m2 of depleted soil. In the spring, before planting the seedlings, 15 grams of nitroammophoska is applied when loosening.

Planting material

With the onset of autumn, the harvested crop must be dried and divided into two fractions, selecting bulbs, the diameter of which is two centimeters and oatmeal, less than one centimeter in size.

For the southern regions, so that the bow does not shoot what to do, professional gardeners recommend planting wild oats on an open ridge in the winter period, for the northern regions - in a greenhouse.

The planting turnip must be cleaned of dry scales and small plant inclusions, and dry and diseased bulbs must also be removed.

Helpful advice. In order for the crop to consist of bulbs of the same size, two weeks before spring planting, the seedlings are sorted into fractions.

Onions with a diameter of more than 3 centimeters should be planted separately - such planting material is usually aimed at obtaining onion feathers, due to its accelerated shooting, as well as the inability to form a bulb of normal quality.

The sorted planting material is heated for 7 hours at + 45 ° C temperature.

Note. Before planting the bulbs, they need to be processed: soak for half an hour in a 1% potassium permanganate solution.

Landing operations

In order not to have to look for a solution to the problem of why the bow goes to the arrow and what to do, many summer residents are interested in the question of how to plant a bow so that there are no arrows.

You can start planting bulbs using one-line technology, observing a 5 cm spacing between plantings and a 40 cm spacing between rows.

With multi-row belt sowing, a 20 cm row spacing is maintained.

The seating depth depends on the size of the planted onion. In dry weather conditions, it is necessary to prepare the soil by carrying out the correct pre-emergence watering so that the onions do not shoot.

The emergence of seedlings occurs after 10 days. Removal of weeds and soil crust must be carried out in a timely manner. To avoid deformation of the root system, loosen the soil using a surface method.

Note! You can not carry out hilling onion plantings.

Prevention of diseases and insect pests

Most often, onion plantings are exposed to fungal infections and a large number of pest varieties. The reason for the appearance of factors that negatively affect the plant is the disturbed cultivation technique.

The symptomatology of onion diseases includes a number of external deformations:

  • changing the color of the leaves
  • the appearance of light points
  • presence of dashes
  • withered feathers
  • twisting the feather.

If one of the above symptoms appears on the plant, it is sprayed with a tank mixture of biofungicides with bioinsecticides, which pose no danger to either humans or animals. The use of chemical processing agents is not recommended, and when grown on feathers, it is prohibited.

Chemical processing is dangerous

How to harvest

The appearance of the leaves indicates the onset of the harvest time. The bulb is considered ripe if the leaves are down and turn yellow.

When dry, sunny weather sets in, the onion should be pulled out of the ground and left on the ridge or transferred under a hinged structure and dried for a week. Then sort through and cut off, leaving a 5-centimeter stump.

Reasons for shooting a bow

Why does radish go to the arrow - what to do

There is more than one reason why the onion plant begins to shoot:

  1. Incorrect storage of seed. The storage temperature of onions selected for planting should be 0 ° C - this will help to avoid shooting. Storage of seedlings in conditions of air temperature above zero will negatively affect the quality of the planting material. The seeds can be stored at any temperature. It should be remembered that it takes a year to germinate a turnip from seeds. For the winter, it is better to place the seedlings in a basement with high air humidity so that it can germinate. The sprouted sevok, planted in the garden, will certainly start to shoot arrows, and so that the onion does not go into the arrow at all, they must be removed in a timely manner.
  2. The planting set is not the right size. Before starting planting, it is necessary to sort the bulbs in accordance with the dimensions:
  • sevok (up to 10 millimeters in diameter)
  • medium fraction material (about 20 millimeters in diameter)
  • large material (more than 30 centimeters in diameter).

Large-sized planting material should be excluded, since it will definitely begin to shoot. However, it is good to plant for early greens.

  1. The landing was made at the wrong time. It is possible to guarantee the prevention of shooting by planting the seedlings in warm ground - when planting, when the early calendar spring comes, the bulb can begin to shoot.

How to stop the shooting process

Shooting can be prevented by planting onions in the pre-winter season, especially in areas with warm winters. However, if winter in the region is characterized by a predominance of low temperatures, this crop is planted in a different way.

Why Chinese cabbage is in bloom what to do

The planting material is selected, consisting of small and medium-sized seedlings. Large onions should be set aside for growing in order to obtain onion feathers.

Helpful advice. Planting material purchased on the market must be warmed up for 20 days using a battery, near which a wooden pallet with a set is placed, so that the bow does not have arrows.

Purchased seeds need to be soaked using a solution that you need to make yourself. This is a highly effective home remedy made from potassium permanganate, which will also help prevent arrowheads.

Folk methods from shooting bulbs

The most common folk method of processing onions from such a phenomenon as shooting is to remove the peduncle. Carrying out this procedure can have a positive effect on the size of the future harvest.

The cutting area is located at the base of the bulb. It should be noted that the arrow will grow again, so the peduncles will have to be removed as they germinate.

The arrow and peduncle are correctly cut off - from the beam.

Note. It is possible to determine the arrowed onion plant by the thickened base.

Varietal shallots are generally not shooted. The selection of a particular hybrid variety is determined by the climate prevailing in the region where this vegetable grows.

Helpful advice. Onion arrows can be prepared canned or used as fertilizer.

For another method of getting rid of shooters, baking soda is used. A teaspoon of sodium bicarbonate is diluted in a liter of boiling water until the powder is completely dissolved.

This procedure usually takes about half an hour. It is recommended to cover the container and wrap it in a warm towel for greater efficiency. Before soaking the sowing bulbs, the scales are removed from them.

If the skin is completely removed, the seeds may not sprout.

Also, so that arrows do not form on the onion, you can plant it in the form of sprouted seedlings.

When the onion begins to go into the arrow, this is a fairly common problem when growing this crop. However, processing the planting material before planting so that the bow does not go into the arrow, and proper care will help to avoid or completely get rid of such a problem.

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